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英语美文欣赏:Three passions 三种激情

觉醒吧 2019-03-16 19:02 美文经典 87次

  英文原文

  中文翻译

《三种激情》是选自《伯特兰·罗素自传》的一篇优秀散文。它既是作者心灵的抒发,也是生命体验的总结。作者以深刻的感悟和敏锐的目光,分析了人生中的三种激情,即对爱的渴望,对知识的追求和对人类苦难的同情。对爱的渴望,使人欣喜若狂,既能解除孤独,又能发现美好的未来。对知识的追求,使人理解人心,了解宇宙,掌握科学。爱和知识把人引向天堂般的境界,而对人类的同情之心又使人回到苦难深重的人间。作者认为这就是人生,值得为此再活一次的人生。这篇散文似乎信手拈来,但却耐人寻味。充满激情,充满感慨,充满智慧,情文并茂,逻辑性和感染力极强。


  伯特兰·罗素(Bertrand Russell,1872-1970)是英国声誉卓著,影响深远的哲学家、数学家、逻辑学家和散文家。他生于威尔士的特莱雷克,就读于剑桥三一学院,在其漫长的一生中完成了40余部著作,涉及哲学、数学、伦理、社会、教育、历史、宗教及政治等许多领域。他早年的成就主要在数学和逻辑学,中年关注伦理道德、教育、政治,激励和启发富有进取精神的人。在1921年曾来中国,在北京大学作过讲座。他在1950年荣获诺贝尔文学奖。在政治上,他反对侵略战争,主张和平,晚年参加反战示威。主要著作有《数学原理》、《哲学大纲》、《教育与美好生活》、《罗素自传》三卷本。

  Three passions, simple but overwhelmingly strong, have governed my life: the longing for love, the search for knowledge, and unbearable pity for the suffering of mankind. These passions, like great winds, have blown me hither and thither, in a wayward course, over a deep ocean of anguish, reaching to the very verge of despair.

  I have sought love, first, because it brings ecstasy –ecstasy so great that I would often have sacrificed all the rest of life for a few hours of this joy. I have sought it, next, because it relieves loneliness--that terrible loneliness in which one shivering consciousness looks over the rim of the world into the cold unfathomable lifeless abyss. I have sought it, finally, because in the union of love I have seen, in a mystic miniature, the prefiguring vision of the heaven that saints and poets have imagined. This is what I sought, and though it might seem too good for human life, this is what- at last- I have found.

  With equal passion I have sought knowledge. I have wished to understand the hearts of men. I have tried to apprehend the Pythagorean power by which number holds sway above the flu. A little of this, but not much, I have achieved.

  Love and knowledge, so far as they were possible, led upward toward the heavens. But always pity brought me back to earth. Echoes of cries of pain reverberate in my heart. Children in famine, victims tortured by oppressors, helpless old people a hated burden to their sons, and the whole world of loneliness, poverty, and pain make a mockery of what human life should be. I long to alleviate the evil, but I cannot, and I too suffer.

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